Phenolic compounds and metabolic regulation

Publisher: Appleton-Century-Crofts in New York

Written in English
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Edition Notes

Statementedited by Bernard J. Finkle, Victor C. Runeckles; written under the auspices of the Plant Phenolics Group of North America.
ContributionsFinkle, Bernard J., Runeckles, Victor C., Plant Phenolics Group of North America.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14153888M

  The Arabidopsis chlorophyll a / b binding protein (CAB) gene underexpressed 1 (cue1) mutant underexpresses light-regulated nuclear genes encoding chloroplast-localized proteins. cue1 also exhibits mesophyll-specific chloroplast and cellular defects, resulting in reticulate leaves. Both the gene underexpression and the leaf cell morphology phenotypes are Cited by: Phenolic content can preserve the longevity of the olive oil if unopened, however, phenolic content is sensitive to light, heat and air and needs to Author: Marilyn Harding. Phenolic compounds in Vitis vinifera contribute important flavor, functionality, and health qualities to both table and wine grapes. The plant phenolic metabolic pathway has been well characterized, however many important questions remain regarding the influence of environmental conditions on pathway regulation. In this book we aim at giving a general overview on metabolic engineering of plant secondary metabolism, and show by a series of reviews the progress made in applying molecular biology to alter the production of certain compounds.

  Lignin engineering is an attractive strategy to improve lignocellulosic biomass quality for processing to biofuels and other bio-based products. However, lignin engineering also results in profound metabolic consequences in the plant. We used a systems biology approach to study the plant’s response to lignin perturbations. To this end, inflorescence stems of 20 Cited by: 6 Phenolic phytochemicals from rye (Secale Cereale L.) 71 Introduction 71 Three classes of the phenolic compounds 72 Extraction methodology 72 Analysis methods 80 Bioactivity 81 Health beneficial effects of rye intake 82 Summary 82 References P. aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogenic bacterium responsible for both acute and chronic infections. Beyond its natural resistance to many drugs, its ability to form biofilm, a complex biological system, renders ineffective the clearance by immune defense systems and antibiotherapy. The objective of this report is to provide an overview (i) on P. Cited by: Resveratrol has been reported to inhibit monoamine oxidases (MAO). Many substrates or inhibitors of neuronal MAO interact also with other amine oxidases (AO) in peripheral organs, such as semicarbazide-sensitive AO (SSAO), known as primary amine oxidase, absent in neurones, but abundant in adipocytes. We asked whether phenolic compounds (resveratrol, Cited by: 9.

Bioactive Compounds: Health Benefits and Potential Applicationsprovides information about different bioactive compounds including their sources, biological effects, health benefits and, potential applications which could contribute as alternatives in the prevention or treatment of multifactorial diseases for vulnerable population beyond the basics to include . The antioxidative activity of a total of 92 phenolic extracts from edible and nonedible plant materials (berries, fruits, vegetables, herbs, cereals, tree materials, plant sprouts, and seeds) was examined by autoxidation of methyl linoleate. The content of total phenolics in the extracts was determined spectrometrically according to the Folin−Ciocalteu procedure and calculated as Cited by: Hepatocyte nuclear factor-1α (HNF-1α) is found in the kidneys, spleen, thymus, testis, skin, and throughout the digestive organs. It has been found to promote the transcription of various proteins involved in the management of type II diabetes, including dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV). Phenolic compounds from berries and citrus fruits are known to inhibit DPP-IV, but have not Cited by: 5. Full text of "Relation of phenolic compounds to germination of peach seeds" See other formats RELATION OF PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS TO GERMINATION OF PEACH SEEDS By JAMES BRUCE AITKEN A DISSERTATION PRESENTED TO THE GRADUATE COUNCIL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR .

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Phenolic compounds and metabolic regulation. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Bernard J Finkle; V C Runeckles; Plant Phenolics Group of North America.; United States. Agricultural Research Service. Western Utilization Research and Development Division.

Phenolic compounds are the most widely distributed secondary metabo lites, ubiquitously present in the plant kingdom, even if the type of compound. Phenolic compounds regulate the various metabolic functions including structure and growth, pigmentation and are resistant to different pathogens in plants (Naumovski ).

Regulation of Secondary Product and Plant Hormone Metabolism contains the proceedings of the 12th Meeting of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies held in Dresden, Germany in The meeting provided a forum for discussing progress in understanding the regulation of the metabolism of secondary products and plant hormones.

Phenylpropanoids occupy a central role in the biosynthesis of phenolic compounds, which are ubiquitous in the plant kingdom. The most frequent pathway for the formation of phenylpropanoids and other phenolics begins with the aromatic amino acids l.

Phenolic compounds are considered secondary metabolites within the physiology of a plant. They have different functions, such as pollination systems, sun protection, protection against pathogens and diseases, ch on these compounds has increased due to the number of molecules they can include and the different biological activities they demonstrate.

It is important to know Author: Marcos Soto-Hernández, Rosario García-Mateos, Mariana Palma-Tenango. Phenolic compounds are secondary metabolites found most abundantly in plants. These aromatic molecules have important roles, as pigments, antioxidants, signaling agents, the structural element lignan, and as a defense mechanism.

The expression of phenolic compounds is promoted by biotic and abiotic stresses (e.g., herbivores, pathogens, unfavorable temperature Cited by: 3.

Abstract “Plant phenolics” and “polyphenols” are secondary natural metabolites arising biogenetically from either the shikimate/phenylpropanoid pathway, which directly provides phenylpropanoids, or the “polyketide” acetate/malonate pathway, which can produce simple phenols, or both, thus producing monomeric and polymeric phenols and Phenolic compounds and metabolic regulation book, which.

In biochemistry, naturally occurring phenols refers to phenol functional group that is found in natural products. Phenolic compounds are produced by plants and microorganisms.

Organisms sometimes synthesize phenolic compounds in response to ecological pressures such as pathogen and insect attack, UV radiation and wounding. As they are present in food consumed in human.

This system may serve to study the regulation of the biosynthesis of (poly)phenolic compounds in globe artichoke and the genetic basis of this metabolic regulation. By means of HPLC-PDA and accurate mass LC-QTOF MS and MS/MS analyses, the major phenolic compounds in globe artichoke leaves were identified: four isomers of dicaffeoylquinic acid Cited by: The phenolic content in wine refers to the phenolic compounds—natural phenol and polyphenols—in wine, which include a large group of several hundred chemical compounds that affect the taste, color and mouthfeel of wine.

These compounds include phenolic acids, stilbenoids, flavonols, dihydroflavonols, anthocyanins, flavanol monomers and flavanol. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is an important food crop providing energy and nutrients for more than half of the world population.

It produces vast amounts of secondary metabolites. At least secondary metabolites from rice have been identified in the past 50 years.

They mainly include phenolic acids, flavonoids, terpenoids, steroids, alkaloids, and their derivatives. These Cited by: 7. Phenolic compounds make up one of the major families of secondary metabolites in plants, and they represent a diverse group of compounds.

Phenolics can be broadly divided into non-soluble compounds such as condensed tannins, lignins, and cell-wall bound hydroxycinammic acids, and soluble phenolics such as phenolic acids, phenylpropanoids Cited by:   Influence of Phenolic Compounds on [14 C]-Tyramine Oxidation.

Figure 5 shows that pargyline inhibited the MAO-dependent [[sup]C]-tyramine oxidation by hAT. As expected, and accordingly with the above-used method, semicarbazide was virtually unable to abolish this activity.

Surprisingly, phenolic compounds did not inhibit MAO activity totally. The PAL Pathway To SA. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (EC ), the first enzyme in the phenylpropanoid pathway, converts phenylalanine (Phe) to trans-cinnamic acid (t-CA) and NH 3 via a non-oxidative deamination reaction (Raes et al, ; Rohde et al, ).

t-CA is a precursor for the biosynthesis of diverse phenolic compounds; in Arabidopsis, these Cited by: Phenolic compounds have gained wide interest in recent years and become one of the hotspots in the field of food research. Through a series of biological regulation techniques, various phenolic acids can be enriched in plant food materials, thereby effectively improving their nutritional : Chen ZhiJie, Wu JiaQi, Ma Yan, Wang Pei, Gu ZhenXin, Yang RunQiang.

Ligand preparation. The structures of berry phenolic compounds and citrus flavonoids studied are shown in Fig stilbenoid resveratrol and the citrus flavonoids luteolin, apigenin, flavone, naringenin, and hesperetin were selected due to their low DPP-IV IC 50 (μM) values compared to diprotin A, a known DPP-IV inhibitor [].Compounds in the flavonoid class of anthocyanins Cited by: 5.

In addition, downregulation of key genes of the lignin biosynthesis pathway in tomato (lignin shares common precursors with phenolic compounds) resulted in metabolic flux being redirected into the production of other phenolic compounds (e.g., chlorogenic acid, rutin).

Another approach involves genetic manipulation of regulatory genes like by: 1. The phenolic compounds of 25 peach, nectarine, and plum cultivars were studied and quantified by HPLC−DAD−ESIMS.

Hydroxycinnamates, procyanidins, flavonols, and anthocyanins were detected and quantified. White and yellow flesh nectarines and peaches, and yellow and red plums, were analyzed at two different maturity stages with consideration of both peel and flesh.

Content: v. Analysis, occurrence, and chemistry --v Antioxidants and cancer prevention. Phenolic compounds in food: an overview / Chi-Tang Ho --Polyphenol complexation: a study in molecular recognition / Edwin Haslam, Terence H.

Lilley, Edward Warminski, Hua Liao, Ya Cai, Russell Martin, Simon H. Gaffney, Paul N. Goulding, and Genevieve Luck --Production of.

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease documents antioxidant actions of polyphenols in protection of cells and cell organelles, critical for understanding their health-promoting actions to help the dietary supplement industry. The book begins by describing the fundamentals of absorption, metabolism and bioavailability of polyphenols, as well as the effect of microbes on.

Title:Benefits of Olive Oil Phenolic Compounds in Disease Prevention VOLUME: 18 ISSUE: 4 Author(s):Olga Garcia-Martinez, Concepcion Ruiz*, Alvaro Gutierrez-Ibanez, Rebeca Illescas-Montes and Lucia Melguizo-Rodriguez Affiliation:Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, acion, 60,Granada, Department of Cited by: 6.

This book examines the latest research in olive oil. Topics included in this book include biomedicinal activities of olive oil phenolic compounds, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, cardiovascular, endocrine, anticancer and central nervous system effects.

Jianan Zhang, Liang Zhao, Qian Cheng, Baoping Ji, Mengyan Yang, Katherine Z. Sanidad, Chengtao Wang and Feng Zhou, Structurally Different Flavonoid Subclasses Attenuate High-Fat and High-Fructose Diet Induced Metabolic Syndrome in Rats, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, /8b, ().Cited by: This is the final report to D entitled ⿿Health Promoting Roles of Food Bio-Active Phenolic Compounds on Obesity-Altered Metabolic Functions and Physiology.⿝ Health benefits of the consumption of plant-based products (e.g., fruits, vegetables, cocoa, coffee) are widely recognized worldwide and health benefits of their.

"Plant Physiological Aspects of Phenolic Compounds" ed. by Marcos Soto-Hernández, Rosario García-Mateos, Mariana Palma-Tenango ITExLi | | ISBN: X | pages | PDF | 5 MB This book includes chapters that provide information on extraction and optimization techniques.

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants, 2nd Edition has been hailed as a major contribution to the plant sciences literature and critical acclaim has been matched by global sales success. Maintaining the scope and focus of the first edition, the second will provide a major update, include much new material and reorganise some chapters to further improve the presentation.

Title:Promising Potential of Dietary (Poly)Phenolic Compounds in the Prevention and Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus VOLUME: 24 ISSUE: 4 Author(s):Tania R. Dias, Marco G. Alves, Susana Casal, Pedro F.

Oliveira and Branca M. Silva* Affiliation:Centro de Investigacao, em Ciencias da Saude (CICS-UBI), Universidade da Beira Interior, Rua Marques d'Avila e Bolama,Cited by: I mentioned previously how I believe that essential oils are an overlooked source of polyphenols (phenolic acids).

() These compounds and other secondary metabolites in them can serve to assist with modulating our amazing microbiome and our health in many beneficial ways.

() Genuine essential oils may actually provide a synergistic and amplifying effect of dietary intake. H 2 O 2 Scavenging Affects Both the Intracellular and Apoplastic Phenolic Pools. To investigate the effects of apoplastic H 2 O 2 scavenging on phenolic metabolism, a time-course sampling of cells and culture medium from the various types of culture (Supplemental Fig.

S1A) was analyzed for methanol-soluble phenolic compounds using ultra-HPLC-mass Cited by:. on its benefits to human health, with a special focus on its effects on glycemic regulation. Cien. Inv. Agr. 38(2): Honey, a natural substance produced by honeybees, is composed of a complex mixture of carbohydrates, water, and a small amount of proteins, vitamins, minerals, and phenolic compounds.

Fructose, glucose and maltose are Cited by:   Summary Xenobiotics are chemical compounds foreign to thebody, such as drugs, food additives, and environmentalpollutants Xenobiotics are metabolized in two phases. The majorreaction of phase 1 is hydroxylation catalyzed by a varietyof monooxygenases, also known as the cytochromePs.To provide the reader a general view of plant specialized metabolites, it is important to consider both the biochemistry and the functional/ecological role of these important compounds.

Aroundspecialized metabolites are formed by a wide array of plant metabolic pathways from numerous plant taxa and through learning how other species.